Dunkirk evacuation essay

Paper type: Essay Parent topic: Dunkirk History.

Dunkirk Evacuation (1940)

It was the closing days of May The German forces were sweeping through France and demolishing everything and anything that got in the way. It was imminent that Germany was going to win the war from this position. British troops were stuck on the coast of Dunkirk with the German troops advancing ever closer from just 10 miles away there was , troops in Dunkirk and only , troops was successfully evacuated. The German forces were much more powerful than Britain and their allies expected. The German forces were using tanks and bombers to drive through opposition defences.

Now all British troops were stuck in Dunkirk with German troops getting closer and closer.

There are many historians that believe from this point on what happened was truly a miracle. But on the other side of the story there are many historians that believe this was not a miracle it was nothing but that of a disaster. I am going to investigate eight sources four of which back up the theory of a miracle and four of which back up the theory that it was a disaster.

At the end of my investigation I will come to my own conclusion of whether it was a miracle or a disaster. Some historians believe this very extraordinary sequence of events to be a miracle. I am going to examine four sources and test the theory that this really was a miracle. The source is written by a historian David Knowles, writing to tell people about the escape in Dunkirk for his book escape from catastrophe in This source is not a primary source, it is secondary.


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I do think that this source is reliable because it is written by a historian who has studied and learnt the topic. He could be an economic, social or militarily historian. Source 2 — this source just simply gives us the facts of Dunkirk plain and simply. It gives is this the statistics of all the variables at Dunkirk, including ships sunk, troops killed and tanks blown up.

The awful was Ben Walsh who wrote this in to publish in a school textbook for children learning about the topic.

Was Dunkirk a Triumph or a Disaster? Why? Essay

This source is a game a secondary source. Yes it is a reliable source because it is written for a schoolbook to learn about the topic. Because of why it is written in to it is for I should think that the book will be biased. Source 3 — this source tells us boldly that tens of thousands safely home already and it also gives is facts about what is happening in Dunkirk how the troops coming home and also gives us more information. It gives the people at home a boost in morale.

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Although I do not know who wrote the source I know it was written for the front page of the British newspaper the daily express on the 31st of May , this means it is a primary source. It was written to inform British people of the circumstances. Over , soldiers, a third of them French, were rescued between 27 May and 4 June. The geography of the beach meant the Navy's large warships could either pick up soldiers from a sea wall that extended into deep water or send their boats onto the beach to collect them. To speed up the evacuation an appeal went out to owners of pleasure boats and other small craft for help.

The evacuation, hailed as miraculous by the press and public, was a big boost for British morale. But losses were still heavy and Churchill was cautious in his praise of the operation.

Disaster at Dunkirk: A Nightmare Fantasy | Lapham’s Quarterly

He recognised that the great challenge was still to come as Britain now faced Germany alone. Three of the armada of 'little ships' which brought the men of the BEF from the shores in and around Dunkirk, to the safety of British warships and other vessels. That is unquestionably accurate. Troops on the beach at Dunkirk, May May 29, Imperial War Museum. Larry Arnn, president of Hillsdale College, home of the Churchill Project, said discipline on the beach held throughout the evacuation.

He said they did exercise and drill every morning, as if they were in barracks at home. The bombardment was also faithful to reality, as this photograph from the Imperial War Museum taken from an offshore ship captures. Troops under fire on the beaches of Dunkirk, as seen from a ship offshore. In one dark moment in the film, a German submarine torpedoes a ship filled with troops.

Whether from aerial bombardment or U-boats, that happened too. This picture shows the French destroyer Bourrasque sinking on May Soldiers leap from the Bourrasque in the waters off Dunkirk. From waiting on the beach to sailing to England, the evacuation was fraught with danger, and the film is on firm ground in bringing that home.

If Dunkirk has one historic shortcoming, it is the outsized role it gives to the small boats that came over from England.

The Evacuation from Dunkirk was Great Disaster for Britain

Audiences would likely come away thinking that without the plucky average Brit, all would have been lost. The fact is, there were hundreds of private craft, and they played an important role. But for the most part, neither the boats nor their owners did the heavy lifting. About , British, French, Belgian and Dutch troops made it safely from Dunkirk to England, and over 90 percent came aboard large Navy ships. By the time the public learned about the evacuation, a few days after it started, about , troops had already arrived. Nearly all the private ships had been commandeered by professional seamen, wrote historian Duncan Anderson at the Royal Military Academy at Sandhurst.